AN OVERVIEW ON APPLICATIONS AND SIDE EFFECTS OF ANTIOXIDANT FOOD ADDITIVES

  • Maria Manuela Silva ESE Almeida Garrett, Grupo Universidade Lusófona, COFAC, Rua de São Paulo, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Fernando Cebola Lidon GeoBioTec, Departamento de Ciências da Terra, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829‑516 Caparica, Portugal

Abstract

Antioxidant food additives are substances that can be added to foodstuff, in small amounts. The aim is to avoid oxidation of
food products, thereby improving its durability. Authorized by the European Union Law there are more them fifty food additives
with antioxidant technologic functions. On food products, two main oxidation processes prevail: (i) enzymatic oxidation of fruits,
vegetables, and processed derivatives like juices, soft drinks, jellies and jams; (ii) oxidation and rancidity of spreadable fats and
cooking fats and oils. Consequently, food technology uses soluble antioxidants in fats or in water, to prevent oxidation of various
types of foodstuffs. Although some of these food additives are harmless when used in small quantities (e.g., the authorized
amounts), the use of others might have risks to human health. Among side effects that can occur, stands out skin rashes and
itching, urticarial and eczema, breathing difficulty, sneezing, gastrointestinal upsets, cholesterol in blood, hyperkinesis. This work
is a synoptic review of food additives used as antioxidants authorized in the European Union, considering their characteristics,
applications and side effects.

Keywords: Antioxidants, Applications of antioxidants, Food additives, Side effects of antioxidants
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How to Cite
Silva, M., and F. Lidon. “AN OVERVIEW ON APPLICATIONS AND SIDE EFFECTS OF ANTIOXIDANT FOOD ADDITIVES”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 28, no. 12, Jan. 2016, pp. 823-32, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2016-07-806. Accessed 7 Apr. 2020.
Section
Review Article