OVARIAN HYDROBURSITIS IN SLAUGHTERED FEMALE CAMELS (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS) IN SOUTHEAST ALGERIA
Keywords:Dromedary camel, Ovarian hydrobursitis, Histopathology, Algeria
The aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence of ovarian hydrobursitis, and its pathologic and histopathologic characteristics in slaughtered female camels. The reproductive tracts of 740 female camels were collected and examined from January 2011 to February 2013, in two abattoirs from southeast Algeria. Ovarian hydrobursitis was observed in 32 reproductive tracts (4.32%); unilaterally (n=17) or bilaterally (n=15). The frequency of right side and left side ovarian hydrobursitis was not significantly different. It was associated with peri-uterine adhesion, pyometra, and paraovarian cysts. The affection was observed in some pregnant cases. Microscopic examination revealed diffuse edema, capillary congestion, infiltration, and heavy infiltration of mononuclear cellular, cystic dilatation of multi-acinal structures, desquamation and hyperplasia of the epithelial lining, tiny hemorrhages, and a large number of hemosiderin-laden macrophages. In conclusion, this study has identified the prevalence and the main anatomical and histopathological features the ovarian hydrobursitis. This syndrome is a serious problem affecting the fertility in dromedary camel in Algeria.