Physicochemical quality maintenance and bioactive compounds enhancement of Thai guava fruit cv. ‘Kim Ju’ by using combinative hot water and methyl jasmonate immersion

  • Suriyan Supapvanich, Yuranan Kernprie Department of Agricultural Education, Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Panida Boonyaritthongchai Postharvest Technology Program, School of Bioresources and Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Chairat Techavuthiporn Division of Biological Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Huachiew Chalermprakiet University, Samutprakarn, Thailand
  • Racha Tepsorn Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Thammasat University, Prathumthani, Thailand
  • Pannipa Youryon Department of Agricultural Technology, Prince of Chomphon campus, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Chomphon, Thailand

Abstract

Postharvest life of Thai guava fruits is limited due to skin damage and physicochemical changes during cold storage. Both methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and heat treatments are potential approaches maintaining postharvest quality of fruits. Thus, the aim of this work was to investigate the effects of hot water and MeJA immersion on physicochemical quality of ‘Kim Ju’ guava fruit during storage at 12 ± 1 °C for 18 d.  The fruit were immersed in hot water at 40 °C for 30 min (H), 0.1 mM MeJA for 10 min (0.1 mM MeJA) or H followed by 0.1 mM MeJA (H + 0.1 mM MeJA) and untreated fruit were used as control. The determined parameters were visual appearance, colour, texture, pectin substances, antioxidant activities, bioactive compounds and antioxidant enzymes activities. The results showed that H + 0.1 mM MeJA treatment maintained visual appearance and colour as compared to 0.1 mM MeJA, H or control treatment, consequently. The treatment of H + 0.1 mM MeJA retarded softening according to the inhibition of soluble pectin increase and insoluble pectin decrease. The treatment enhanced the both antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities as compared to control. These were accompanied with the increments of bioactive compounds such as ascorbic acid, total phenols, flavonoids and peroxidase activity and the retardation of catalase activity decrease. In conclusion, the H + 0.1 mM MeJA treatment could maintain postharvest qualities involving visual appearance and texture and enhanced nutritional value of guava fruit during cold storage.

Keywords: Guava fruit; Heat treatment; Methyl jasmonate; Softening; Bioactive compounds
Statistics
72 Views | 95 Downloads
Section
Research Article