Chemical profile, nutraceutical and anti-phytobacterial properties of the essential oil from Dalea foliolosa (Fabaceae)

  • Nemesio Villa- Ruano Universidad de la Sierra Sur, Guillermo Rojas Mijangos S/N, Ciudad Universitaria CP 70800, Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz Oaxaca, México
  • Yesenia Pacheco- Hernández Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología Aplicada-IPN, Ex-Hacienda San Juan Molino Carretera Estatal Tecuexcomac-Tepetitla Km 1.5, CP 90700, Tlaxcala, México
  • Efraín-Rubio- Rosas Centro Universitario de Vinculación y Transferencia de Tecnología, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, CP 72570, Puebla, México
  • José A. Zárate- Reyes Centro Universitario de Vinculación y Transferencia de Tecnología, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, CP 72570, Puebla, México
  • Edmundo Lozoya- Gloria Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Irapuato, Km 9.6 Carretera Irapuato-León, CP 36821, Irapuato, Guanajuato, México
  • Ramiro Cruz- Durán Facultad de Ciencias UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria, México DF, Ciudad Universitaria, CP 04510, Del. Coyoacán, México

Abstract

The present work describes the chemical composition of the leaf essential oils from the annual plant Dalea foliolosa, which was collected in three consecutive years (2014-2016). The amount of monoterpenes (69.5-84.6%) was higher to that of sesquiterpenes (10.3-22.9%) and aliphatic hydrocarbons (1-2.1%). Cryptone (22.3-30.6%) was the most abundant oxygenated monoterpene, followed by linalool (10.4-17.6%), caryophyllene oxide (4.6-15.3%), ascaridole (4.5-7.4%) and β-citronellol (3.8-5.6%). The hydrodistillated extract showed antioxidant activity against DPPH radical (IC50, 45-156 µg mL-1), strong anti-α-glucosidase activity (IC50, 14-47 µg mL-1) and inhibited the growth of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci TBR2004 (MIC, 44-105 µg mL-1) and P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (MIC, 35-155 µg mL-1). The possible use of the essential oil as a novel additive for anti-hyperglycemic supplements and for the biological control of the analyzed Pseudomonas syringae varieties, may be contemplated.

Keywords: Antibacterial, Antioxidant, Anti-α-Glucosidase Dalea foliolosa, Essential Oils

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How to Cite
Ruano, N. V.-, Y. P.- Hernández, E.-R.- Rosas, J. A. Z.- Reyes, E. L.- Gloria, and R. C.- Durán. “Chemical Profile, Nutraceutical and Anti-Phytobacterial Properties of the Essential Oil from Dalea Foliolosa (Fabaceae)”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 29, no. 9, Oct. 2017, pp. 724-8, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2017.v29.i9.99. Accessed 30 June 2022.
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Short Communication