‘Niágara Rosada’ and ‘Isabel’ grapes quality cultivated in different altitudes in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil
Altitude and climate and its microclimatic characteristics influence the grapes and wines quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate ‘Niagara Rosada’ and ‘Isabel’ grapes quality at three different altitudes in the highlands of the state of Espírito Santo. The experiment was a randomized complete block design in subdivided plots (3x2). The plots were in different altitudes and, in the subplots, the two cultivars. Also, five replicates were done in each treatment. The grapes quality were evaluated in the laboratory from total soluble solids (TSS), total titratable acidity (TTA), pH and the relationship between TSS / TTA. The cultivar ‘Niágara Rosada’ showed higher values than the ‘Isabel’ cultivar in relation to the evaluated parameters. The altitude of 650 m favored to obtain higher values of total titratable acidity and lower values of pH. The excess of leaf nitrogen in environment 1 contributed to the higher values of TTA and lower pH for the cultivars ‘Niágara Rosada’ and ‘Isabel’. The quality of the ‘Niágara Rosada’ and ‘Isabel’ grapes produced in the state of Espírito Santo were influenced by altitude, and the altitude of 650 m favored to obtain higher values of total titratable acidity and lower values of pH.