ARTOCARPUS ALTILIS AND PANDANUS TECTORIUS: TWO IMPORTANT FRUITS OF OCEANIA WITH MEDICINAL VALUES

  • Shigeyuki Baba Secretariat, International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), c/o Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, 903-0129 Japan
  • Hung Tuck Chan Secretariat, International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), c/o Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, 903-0129 Japan
  • Mio Kezuka 1Secretariat, International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), c/o Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, 903-0129 Japan
  • Tomomi Inoue Centre for Environmental Biology and Ecosystem Studies, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Onogawa, Tsukuba 305-0053, Japan
  • Eric Wei Chiang Chan Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract

Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit) and Pandanus tectorius (screw pine) are two cultural icons of Oceania. Fruits of both species are rich in carbohydrates, and contain proteins, vitamins and minerals. Endowed with triterpenes, flavonoids, stilbenes, arylbenzofurans and sterols as chemical constituents, fruits of A. altilis possess antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer and anti-hyperglycemic properties. With phenolic compounds such as flavonoids and caffeoylquinic acids, fruits of P. tectorius possess antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-diabetic, α-glucosidase inhibitory and antidiarrheal properties. In comparison, more bioactivities have been reported in other plant parts such as leaves, bark, wood and root of these two species. Nevertheless, the scientific evidence is convincing that the regular consumption of fruits of A. altilis and P. tectorius by the islanders of the Pacific does have both nutritive
and medicinal values.

Keywords: breadfruit, screw pine, phytochemistry, pharmacology
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How to Cite
Baba, S., H. Chan, M. Kezuka, T. Inoue, and E. Chan. “ARTOCARPUS ALTILIS AND PANDANUS TECTORIUS: TWO IMPORTANT FRUITS OF OCEANIA WITH MEDICINAL VALUES”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 28, no. 8, Nov. 2017, pp. 531-9, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2016-02-207. Accessed 28 Sept. 2021.
Section
Review Article