ESTIMATION OF BIOENERGY POTENTIAL FOR LOCAL BIOMASS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

  • Muhammad Tahir Ashraf Institute Center for Energy – iEnergy, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 54224, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Chuanji Fang Institute Center for Energy – iEnergy, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 54224, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Tomasz Bochenski Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Iwona Cybulska Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Ayah Alassali Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Akinleye Sowunmi Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Rashed Farzanah Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Grzegorz Przemyslaw Brudecki Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Tanmay Chaturvedi Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Sabeera Haris Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Jens Ejbye Schmidt Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE
  • Mette Hedegaard Thomsen Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Masdar InstituteAbu Dhabi, UAE

Abstract

There is a wide biomass spectrum in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Twenty three different biomass and fractions local to the UAE including lignocellulose (date palm, Moringa peregrina, mangroves, and garden trimmings), halophytes (Salicornia sinus-persica, Salicornia bigelovii, Halodule uninervis, Halophila ovalis, and Halophila stipulacea), macroalgae (Ulva Sp., Padina boergesenii, and Colppmenia sinuosa), and wastes (municipal and manures) were analyzed for bioenergy potential. Bioethanol potential of studied biomass is ranging from 55 to 359 kg ethanol / ton dry biomass. The biomethane potential is ranging from 72 to 288 L CH4 / kg VS biomass. The analysis shows that lignocellulosic biomass tends to give the highest bioethanol potential. Macroalgae (P. boergesenii) offers the least bioethanol potential compared with others, while washed Salicornia bigelovii, lignocellulosic garden trimmings, and camel manure are best suited for biomethane production. Significant variations in bioethanol and biomethane potential are noticed between different biomass fractions.

Keywords: bioenergy potential, bioethanol, biomass, biomethane, waste to energy
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How to Cite
Ashraf, M., C. Fang, T. Bochenski, I. Cybulska, A. Alassali, A. Sowunmi, R. Farzanah, G. Brudecki, T. Chaturvedi, S. Haris, J. Schmidt, and M. Thomsen. “ESTIMATION OF BIOENERGY POTENTIAL FOR LOCAL BIOMASS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 28, no. 2, Nov. 2017, pp. 99-06, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2015-04-060. Accessed 27 Sept. 2022.
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Regular Articles