RECENT ADVANCES IN DROMEDARY CAMEL REPRODUCTION: AN EGYPTIAN FIELD EXPERIENCE
The increased importance of camel breeding in Egypt is getting obvious day after day, especially in the deserts and in newly reclaimed areas. This is mainly, due to its unique physiological characteristics which help it to survive and perform under such harsh conditions. However, it is well known that one of the major limitations in this industry is the extremely low reproductive efficiency. In our laboratory, and for more than a decade, we have conducted several studies to improve the reproductive performance of dromedary camels using modern assisted reproductive technologies. Some of these technologies were used to deal with bull camels; e.g. semen handling and processing while others were meant to manipulate the reproductive efficiency of she-camels. These include synchronization of ovulation, artificial insemination, induction of ovulation and early pregnancy diagnosis. The aim of the present review is to spot the light on recent progress in reproduction of dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Egypt, based on a comprehensive scientific experience for more than a decade.