COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF PROTEIN-RICH PRODUCTS OBTAINED FROM INDUSTRIAL RAPESEED MEAL

  • Petya Ivanova University of Food Technologies, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 26 Maritsa Blvd, Plovdiv 4002, Bulgaria
  • Hristo Kalaydzhiev University of Food Technologies, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 26 Maritsa Blvd, Plovdiv 4002, Bulgaria
  • Turid Rustad Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Biotechnology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
  • Cristina L. M. Silva Universidade Católica Portuguesa/Porto, CBQF – Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina – Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Rua Arquiteto Lobão Vital, Apartado 2511, 4202-401 Porto, Portugal
  • Vesela I. Chalova University of Food Technologies, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 26 Maritsa Blvd, Plovdiv 4002, Bulgaria

Abstract

Protein-rich products, prepared from industrial rapeseed meal, have the potential for versatile applications in the food-, feed-, and nutraceutical industries. The aim of study was to characterize the biochemical composition of two protein-rich products obtained from industrially produced rapeseed meal. Protein isolate (PI) and acid soluble protein (ASP) were prepared by alkaline extraction (pH 12.0) followed by isoelectric precipitation (pH 4.5). Biochemical analyses revealed that PI contained a high protein amount (86.9%), while ASP had 28.8% protein and a relatively high level of non- protein compounds including ash (20.6%) and fiber (30.0%). Results showed that neither protein products contained glucosinolates. They were rich in microelements; the most abundant were Cu (64.3 mg kg-1) and Fe (133 mg kg-1) in PI and Mn (39.7 mg kg-1) and Zn (84.2 mg kg-1) in ASP. PI and ASP were also a good source of Se (1.1 mg kg-1 and 0.9 mg kg-1, respectively). Lysine was the most abundant essential amino acid in PI with amino acid score of 100.7% followed by leucine (98.3%) and valine (95.8%). Both protein products were mainly composed of low molecular weight fractions (5 to 33 kDa) but in different ratio. The PI contained two fractions with molecular weights 53 and 235 kDa which were not found in ASP. In conclusion, PI and ASP exhibited different biochemical characteristics which make them suitable for different applications.

Keywords: acid soluble protein, industrial rapeseed meal, protein isolate
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How to Cite
Ivanova, P., H. Kalaydzhiev, T. Rustad, C. Silva, and V. Chalova. “COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF PROTEIN-RICH PRODUCTS OBTAINED FROM INDUSTRIAL RAPESEED MEAL”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 29, no. 3, Feb. 2017, pp. 170-8, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2016-11-1760. Accessed 19 Aug. 2019.
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Regular Articles